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The CITB Health, safety and environment test was created to help raise the standard across the construction industry. It helps workers meet a base level of health, safety and environmental awareness before they start work on site. This should be used as a stepping stone pushing employers and their employees to go further and develop their knowledge.

Preparing for a test

To pass your Health, safety and environment test you need to demonstrate knowledge and understanding across a number of areas, all of which are relevant to people working in a construction environment. There is not a minimum pass mark but sectional scoring, with minimum scores allocated to each section. This test structure has been designed to enable you to demonstrate knowledge across all of these key areas.
The knowledge questions are grouped in chapters and sections, following the same structure that is used in all core CITB publications.
Section A: Legal and management
Section B: Health and welfare
Section C: General safety
Section D: High risk activities
Section E: Environment
Section F: Specialist activities

Section A: Legal and management

General responsibilities: what you and your employer need to do to ensure everyone is working safely on site.
Accident reporting and recording: when, how and why accidents need to be reported and recorded.

Section B: Health and welfare

Health and welfare: common health issues on site and how to avoid them. Providing welfare facilities and support of the site.

First aid and emergency procedures: what you should do in case of an emergency, and what your employer must make available.

Personal protective equipment: why personal protective equipment (PPE) is important, why you should wear it and who is responsible for it.

Dust and fumes (respiratory hazards): how to work safely, protecting yourself and those around you from exposure to respiratory hazards. What health conditions may arise from exposure to dust and fumes.

Noise and vibration: why it is important to minimise exposure to noise and vibration in the work place. How you should protect yourself and those around you.

Hazardous substances: how you can identify a hazardous substance, and what control measures should be in place to enable you to work safely.

Manual handling: why and how it is important to handle all loads using a safe system of work. What key areas do you need to be aware of when handling loads.

Section C: General safety

Safety signs: what type of safety signs you will see on a construction site, and what they are informing you of.

Fire prevention and control: what you should do if you discover a fire, and which fire extinguishers should be used on what type of fire.

Electrical safety, tools and equipment: how to work with different types of tools safely, and what you should do if the tools you are using have not been examined or are faulty.

Site transport safety and lifting operations: how site vehicles and pedestrians should work together on site.

Section D: High risk activities

Working at height: what types of equipment you will use working at height, and how to use them correctly.
Excavations and confined spaces: why it is important, and how, to work safely in a confined space or excavation, and what you should do if exposed to certain hazards.

Section E: Environment

Environmental awareness and waste control: your responsibilities on site, how waste should be managed and how to conserve energy.

Section F: Specialist activities

If you are preparing for a specialist test you will also be asked questions on your specialist activity. There are currently 12 specialist tests available including supervisory; demolition; highway works; specialist working at height; lifts and escalators; tunnelling; plumbing (JIB); heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration (heating and plumbing services; pipefitting and welding; ductwork; refrigeration and air conditioning; services and facilities maintenance).

How is the test structured?

All tests last for 45 minutes and have 50 multiple-choice questions. There are two different types of questions, behavioural case study questions and knowledge questions.

What is the CSCS test pass mark?

To pass your CSCS test you will need to get a minimum of 47 of of 50 questions answered corrected in the exam.

What is a behavioural case study question?

The behavioural case study questions are designed to test how you respond to health and safety situations on a construction site.

Three case studies are included at the beginning of your test, each of which has four linked multiple-choice questions.

The questions progress through a fictional situation faced by an individual working in the construction industry. They are based on the principles established in the film Setting out — what you should expect from a site and what they expect from you.

What is a knowledge question?

The knowledge questions cover 16 core areas that are included in all the tests. These questions are very factual. For example they will ask you to identify fire extinguishers and signs. There is an additional knowledge question bank for each specialist test.

You will not need a detailed knowledge of the exact content or working of any regulations. However, you will need to show that you know what is required of you, the things you must do (or not do), and what to do in certain circumstances (for example, upon discovering an accident).

Legislation in Northern Ireland and Scotland differs from that in the rest of the UK. For practical reasons, all candidates (including those in Northern Ireland and Scotland) will be tested on questions using legislation relevant to the remainder of the UK only.

Who writes the questions?

The question bank is developed by CITB with industry-recognised organisations which sit on or support the Health, safety and environment test question sub-committee.

Will the questions change?

Health, safety and environment legislation, regulations and best practice will change from time to time, but CITB makes every effort to keep the test and the revision material up to date.

  • You will not be tested on questions that are deemed to no longer be appropriate.
  • You will be tested on knowledge questions presented in the most up to date edition of the CITB book. To revise effectively for the test you should use the latest edition. You can check which edition of the book you have at or phone  0344 994 4488.


Operatives Specialists Supervisors Managers
Watch Setting out Free to view at
Read the question and answer books HS&E test for operatives and specialists  Supervisors Mock Tests HS&E test for managers and professionals (MAP)
Use the digital products HS&E test for operatives and specialists (GT 100)
– Download
– App
HS&E test for managers and professionals
(GT 200)
— Download
— App
Read the supporting material Safe start (GE 707) Safe start (GE 707) plus sector recommended supporting material Site supervision simplified (GE 706) Construction site safety (GE 700)
Complete an appropriate training course Complete an appropriate training one-day Health and safety awareness course Contact your industry body for recommendations Site Safety Plus — two-day Site supervisors’ safety training scheme Site Safety Plus — five-day Site management safety training scheme


How can I increase my chances of success?

  • Prepare using the recommended revision materials, working through all the knowledge questions.
  • Watch the Setting out film to prepare for the behavioural case study questions.
  • Complete a recommended training course.
  • Book your test when you are confident with your topics and questions.
  • Complete a timed simulated test, which is available on the DVD, app and download.
  • Take as many Mock Exams on this website as you can.

What’s on the DVD, app and download?

  • The DVD, app and download offer an interactive package that includes:
  • the Setting out film and a sample behavioural case study
  • all the knowledge questions and answers in both book and practice formats
  • a test simulator— all the functionality of the test with the real question bank
  • voice-overs in English and Welsh for all questions.

The DVD and app also provide operative questions and Setting out with voice-overs in the following languages:

Bulgarian, Czech, French, German, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Romanian, Russian, Spanish.

Please note: British Sign Language assistance is included on the GT 100 revision DVD and within the Setting out film.

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  • Mike Ruger
    April 12, 2020 / 3 years ago

    I am looking to do my CSCS green card that is renewable in 5 years.
    Please can you let me know where I can get study material that I can use to revise before the test.
    An online version is also good.



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